Sewer maintenance.

Definitely not the most glamorous of jobs, but one essential to the existence and continued health of humans. Most of us take for granted our sewer system — until something goes wrong. Even then, we call the best 24-hour plumber in the metro East Illinois area, Culler Plumbing Services, who comes out and fixes your septic problem quickly and efficiently, and your life resumes.

In this blog post, Culler Plumbing Services will introduce you to what happens after you flush. Contact us today for all of your plumbing needs.


  • After you finish in the bathroom, you flush. The toilet, which is actually a very simple machine, works mainly through gravity. When you press the handle down, a lever inside the tank pulls a piston up that forces water through the siphon. Suction occurs, washing past the piston, emptying the tank. The piston drops back into place, awaiting the next press of the handle. Water begins to fill up the tank again, preparing for the next flush.
  • The water and waste products enter your sewer pipe and flow through sewage pipes to a treatment plant. Ninety-nine percent of sewage is dirty water, which is the water you use from your toilet, shower, dishwasher, washing machine, and other water usage in your home or business. The rest of sewage is solid matter, chemicals, fats, nutrients, bacteria, and items that should not have been flushed. Before there were so many humans, the natural water cycle recycled all the waste.
  • Now, with so much waste, we have to treat the water to prevent build up. Before the water can be treated, all of the items that should not be in the sewerage network is removed. Some of these items include toys, jewelry, diapers, wipes, oils, and chicken bones. The sewage is then held in tanks to wait treatment.
  • Special bacteria that feed on organic matter (carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus) in the sewage is released in huge bioreactors that are mixed with oxygen so the bacteria can survive.
  • Next, the sewage moves on to clarifiers that separate the water from the solids in the sewage. The solids are now known as sludge or biosolids and can be used as fertilizer for crops.
  • The remaining water, known as effluent, is sent on to be cleaned and filtered again.
  • Next, the water is disinfected, using either ultraviolet rays or chlorine to make sure all the germs are killed.
  • The sewage is tested for quality multiple times throughout the sewage treatment process.
  • This whole process takes only between 24-48 hours.

The average person uses between 80 to 100 gallons of water per day. Most of this is used when flushing the toilet and taking showers and baths.

Culler Plumbing Services in Troy, Illinois, helps the East Illinois area with all of their sewer line needs, from toilet plumbing needs to utilizing our sewer cameras to get a more in-depth look into your sewer pipes to assess the problem. We use water jetting and provide emergency sewer line excavation services, including offering trenchless excavation when we can, to fix your sewer pipeline problems. Contact us today for a free estimate!